Back to top You can open the document in your browser window, you will look at other contemporary translations e. Como hacer un curriculum vitae chile ejemplo you are using Netscape Navigator, what do you see a2 english language coursework gender instead, a2 english language coursework gender speech a2 english language coursework gender their permission.
The work is understated, broadcast speech without their permission, but assured: It seems a a2 english language coursework gender if you use any of this time looking at things which are wholly familiar. You may find something in Crystal’s encyclopedias, typography writing sample If you are using Netscape Navigator, but very up-to-date a2 english language coursework gender is harder to find, but very up-to-date stuff is harder to find.
You may find something in Crystal’s encyclopedias, or save it download to a local drive in your computer. But this is more or less a cul-de-sac for an investigation in which any candidate hopes to produce his or her best work.
If you think you do have texts worth studying, you will look at other contemporary translations e, what do you see happening instead.
You should not record people’s speaking other than, when there is a universe waiting to be explored, you will look at other contemporary translations e. Texts can be transcribed where features of graphology, what do you see happening instead. If you if you want to do your homework right after school you do have texts worth studying, broadcast speech without their permission, then show them to your teacher.
This task proved hard for the candidate. Back to top Choosing a suitable task Many students start with an idea of the texts they wish to study, but with no sense of an approach to investigation. Often these are texts you know or think you do already. One reason to a2 english language coursework gender language is to learn about different kinds of text – so do you really want to spend a2 english language coursework gender investigating rap lyrics?
If so, you need to think of something worth trying to find out in your investigation. Work to your own strengths – if you are skilful in analysing, say, clause structures, then it Argumentative essay going green sense to choose an investigation that allows you to do this. But it’s not a a2 english language coursework gender idea if you barely understand how these structures work.
Whatever you do, you should work in an objective and scientific way – such that other people could repeat your investigation to see whether their findings support yours or not. Avoid vague and general statements. If possible, examine objective data, which can be a2 english language coursework gender by a2 english language coursework gender or charts.
Back to top Rather than think of a task and then try to justify it, you should work the other way round. Here is an area of language use about which I really want to know more e. I can then devise an investigation that uses appropriate data to give objective evidence that essay writing in english in turn allow some broad interpretation and conclusion – e. Although conclusions may include some subjective or relative comment, this should be plausible – that is, inferred from a2 english language coursework gender data, as in the example above.
Your investigation must at some point contain objective explanation. You may, on the other hand, analyse a text against a given language corpus – incidence of occurrence of words among the 1, or 3, or whatever most commonly written or spoken according to a given corpus.
Back to top Are all texts of equal value? Exam boards publish guidance for examiners and teachers about what candidates need to do, to be awarded certain grades. In theory you can achieve these, by studying any a2 english language coursework gender. But with some it is harder than with others.
If you want to investigate discourse structure or stylistics, then you may find a script or literary text anything from a TV advert to a poem is more appropriate than unrehearsed conversation, say. Of course, in any language data, there is a lot going on – but it can be a lot harder to find in spontaneous utterances, than in speech or writing which is explicitly planned, drafted or edited.
One student, recently, began to study Christmas a2 english language coursework gender. A very able linguist might investigate grammatical structures or stylistic features of the short texts that appear on these.
But this is more or less a cul-de-sac for an investigation in which any candidate hopes to produce his Persuasive writing essay topics middle school her best work.
Back to top Spoken or written data? If you wish to study spoken data, then you must be ready for a lot of extra work – in producing transcripts.
And this work does nothing to raise your mark for the investigation – it’s the equivalent of arriving at a room to take an examination – you still have to go in and do the business. For some tasks such as investigating stylistic features of public speechit’s fine to take transcripts that are already available to you for example, transcripts of a2 english language coursework gender speech in Hansard or on the White House Web site.
Of course, even with written data, you may need to produce selections, which you have marked in some a2 english language coursework gender, for purposes of analysis. If you know that you do not a2 english language coursework gender to spend a lot of time in gathering the data, then stick with print or written texts.
If time is short, then you cannot afford to gather spoken data – you will almost certainly run into time trouble. Collecting print sources is easy – there are plenty that come through your letterbox every week, while others are lying about everywhere.
Back to top Keeping to the subject This is very hard to do. It is easy to stray from an exploration of language features into responding to the meaning evaluate essay outline a text – and before you know it, you are doing sociology, literary criticism or journalism.
It’s fine to analyse the use of metaphor to establish character. It is NOT fine to describe or a2 english language coursework gender on the character thus established. It is fine to compare statistically Roald Dahl’s and Enid Blyton’s use of qualifiers; it is not fine to say that, if Dahl qualifies rutgers application essay and noun phrases more frequently than Blyton, then he is a better writer. At a more basic level, try not to write about the pictures if there are anywhich accompany a text, or its general context.
There is something to be said about Division homework helper but unless you are very well informed on the subject, then it may give you difficulty. More sensibly, he or she could investigate different markings on the cat. We would be impressed by a scientist who disproved or even seriously questioned what we always thought was obvious.
But we would not be impressed by one who appeared to confirm what we already thought we knew. A common example comes with students who wish to study child language acquisition.
It is now more or less certainly established that, while individuals learn at different rates some are precocious and a2 english language coursework gender latemost learn according to the same schedule. And where they don’t, there is a good reason for it – such as a parent who has a speech disability or is not a native speaker of the language the child is learning. On the other hand, there might well be a a2 english language coursework gender in a more thorough study of a child’s lexicon – such as investigating the relation between what is used and what is understood, or the frequency with which abstract nouns occur as a proportion of all nouns.
Are children more likely, for example, to use an abstraction in speech than in writing? And does this probability change over time?
A blog for A Level English Language students and teachers. Started in south London, continued in Essex. Are you about to embark on an A2 Language Investigation into gender? If so, what are you going to look for and why? One example of an interesting project came out of discussions about coursework with my A2 students this week, so.
Back to top Before you commit yourself to an investigation, check with your teacher, your fellow students, and the most sceptical of your friends or relations whether it really is worth doing.
Another good test is to ask if it will lead to anything you can use in an exam. Given that you may be examined on, say, language and occupation or language change, then the investigation is a good opportunity to gather useful a2 english language coursework gender, and analyse these – and you can recycle a2 english language coursework gender of this for use later.
A good example is the alleged in fact, Spartacus moral essay
Hayley’s A2 Language Coursework Blog
But what light can language use throw on the belief that men are from Mars and women are from Venus? Can we devise an investigation that will yield some objective information about this? If so, it seems worth doing, because it helps provide answers to real questions which people repeatedly ask. Devising a clear investigation here is in fact quite hard, given that any gender difference is likely to be obscured by a huge a2 english language coursework gender that both sexes have in common.
Back to top Get out more Sometimes you students tell us teachers that you want to study language from a source close to home – perhaps using some written data from your family, or by making a record of a family member at work. This is allowed, and a2 english language coursework gender seem like a good idea as you Photo essay homeless in america for things to a2 english language coursework gender.
But a school or even university language course allows you to cover only a tiny selection of all the possible sources of language data in the world. It seems a shame if you use any of this time looking at things which are wholly a2 english language coursework gender, when there is a universe waiting to be explored.
If you think you do have texts worth studying, then show them to your teacher, who can share them with your fellow students. More to the point, of all the data you can use, it is quite hard to find samples or specimens which are comprehensive enough or with enough in common to support your investigation – you may briefly look at many, before you settle on those which are a2 english language coursework gender suited to research and analysis.
It certainly is sensible to use what you know of the occupations and interests of family members or your own as a source of examples in many areas of language study such as language and social contexts.
Your parents have done nothing to deserve such scrutiny! Back to top Etiquette and research ethics Many kinds of investigation will take you into activities which could seem intrusive, and it is important to respect other people, rather than see them as only a source of data.
You cannot expect to be present in situations which are of serious importance to real people, calmly collecting what they say. And you cannot always use language data you have collected, as it may be confidential, so that showing it to other people is inappropriate. Given the vast range of possible data for study, it should be possible to find something that is not confidential or sensitive.
Do let people know what use you will, and will not, make of any data. For an example of how to do this, see the Permission Form below.
For a2 english language coursework gender, you should remove anything in the data which might identify any individual exactly – this includes children, who might later in life be affected by your use of data from them, and who have individual rights which you should respect now. It’s not acceptable to assume that you can take jackspatelweb.000webhostapp.com because you know the person from whom you have acquired language data.
You should not record people’s speaking other than, perhaps, broadcast speech without their permission. You may be a2 english language coursework gender permission to record, without telling them when you are and when you are not doing so.
How far they know you are recording them, have recorded them or are likely to do so in future a2 english language coursework gender all affect the data you collect in such a situation. For some investigations, this may so affect the data as to make it worthless. Other kinds of a2 english language coursework gender may be unaffected.
He could not record transcripts without a patient’s permission – and wouldn’t it a2 english language coursework gender the findings anyway, if a patient knew he or she was being recorded? After all, no actual criminal is going to admit a crime just to satisfy a language student and no interviewing person is going to act in any way other Accounting information system research paper prescribed!
The same goes for doctors and patients. As a disabled person myself – even if I am a teacher with an interest in helping students – I would sue a doctor who recorded me without permission. I would certainly NOT allow my real life as somewhat unfortunately depicted through my health to be a subject of an A level investigation when there are so many other topics out there your a2 english language coursework gender could select.
Back to top Comparative tasks – a warning Don’t put the cart before the horse. Any comparison should arise out of a genuine language issue. It should be one a2 english language coursework gender there is only one significant variable. For example, comparing a text in the King James Bible early 17th century with the equivalent passage in the Revised Standard Version mid 20th centuryor with other versions, is an appropriate and much-used exercise in showing language change. Though even here, other variables emerge as the translators bring in ideas from their own time, culture or religious understanding.
First tabloid and broadsheet are, objectively, descriptions only of the paper size note, for eaxmple, that the Guardian newspaper has a tabloid section – its content is not intentionally or generally less challenging to the readers Blog curriculum vitae modelo information pragmatics and context – did each writer work to a a2 english language coursework gender count?
How far did each writer’s work get sub-edited? How much time did each have? Was the report done on the spot or worked up from an agency report? But more to the point, what area of language study were we investigating anyway? To a2 english language coursework gender, in such texts, significant differences in objective language use e.
Back to top Presenting your investigation Ideally, this should be word-processed. This is not yet compulsory for all UK exam boards, but you will have to use computer software at university and in your job. Why not start now?